Scale for Environmental Attitude in Physical Activities in Natural Environments

M. Luisa Santos-Pastor

Laura Cañadas

L. Fernando Martínez-Muñoz

*Corresponding author: M. Luisa Santos-Pastor

Original Language

Cite this article

Santos-Pastor, M. L., Cañadas, L., & Martínez-Muñoz, L. F. (2019). Scale for Environmental Attitude in Physical Activities in Natural Environments. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 137, 43-55.



Engaging in physical-sport activities in nature should lead to an attitude of respect for the environment among participants. The objective of this article is to design and validate an instrument to assess the environmental attitude generated in this kind of practice within the sphere of training. The questionnaire has 16 items with 5 response choices (1, totally disagree to 5, totally agree). To validate the scale, a sample was used of 162 university students in degrees related to physical activity and sport (Bachelor’s or Master’s in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences) who were taking a course related to physical activities in nature. The reliability obtained with the Cronbach’s α was 0.75. The results show that the scale of attitudes towards the environment in the practice of physical-sport activities in nature is a valid, reliable instrument from an ecological model. After its construction, the conclusions extracted indicate the advisability of checking whether physical activities in nature are carried out from a sustainable perspective so that if they are not, the strategies needed to transform them can be applied.

Keywords: Ecological Model, Environmental Attitude, Nature, Physical-Sport Activities, Scale.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: July 20, 2018

Accepted: January 9, 2019

Published: July 01, 2019