Perceived Motivational Climate Toward Sport in University Physical Education Students

Ramón Chacón-Cuberos

Félix Zurita-Ortega

Javier Cachón Zagalaz

Tamara Espejo Garcés

Manuel Castro-Sánchez

Antonio José Pérez Cortés

*Corresponding author: Ramón Chacón Cuberos

Original Language

Cite this article

Chacón Cuberos, R., Zurita Ortega, F., Cachón Zagalaz, J., Espejo Garcés, T., Castro Sánchez, M., & Pérez Cortés, A. J. (2018). Perceived Motivational Climate Toward Sport in University Physical Education Students. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 131, 49-59.



The motivational climate toward sport, through the theory of goal achievement, is one of the psychosocial factors studied the most in sports practice and in teaching physical education, since certain orientations may be more active, healthier lifestyles. The purpose of this study, which was performed on a sample of 490 university students who are doing the Primary Education degree course, is to define the motivational climate toward sport, as well as to establish relations according to the sex and type of town. The instruments used were the PMCSQ-2 questionnaire (Newton, Duda, & Yin, 2000) and an ad hoc questionnaire for sociodemographic variables. Statistically significant differences were found in the two dimensions of motivational climate according to the students’ sex, revealing that the task climate was higher in women and the ego climate in men. Likewise, statistical associations were found in all the factors except for the effort/improvement factor. By kind of town, it was revealed that the university students who live in urban areas showed higher scores on the ego climate.  

Keywords: Motivational Climate, Sex, Sport, Town, University.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: December 20, 2016

Accepted: February 8, 2017

Published: January de 01, 2018