Height, weight, somatotype and body composition trends in rhythmic spanish elite gymnasts from childhood to adulthood.

Alfredo Irurtia Amigó

Vicky Pons Sala

Albert Busquets Faciabén

Michel Marina

Marta Carrasco Marginet

Lara Rodríguez Zamora

*Corresponding author: Alfredo Irurtia Amigó alfredo.irurtia@inefc.net

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Cite this article

Irurtia Amigó, A., Pons Sala, V., Busquets Faciabén, A., Marina Evrar, M., Carrasco Marginet, M., & Rodríguez Zamora, L. (2009). Height, weight, somatotype and body composition trends in rhythmic spanish elite gymnasts from childhood to adulthood. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 95, 64-74.

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Abstract

Introduction and aims: the aim of the present study is to characterize the evolution of the height and weight, somatotype and body composition, with age, in elite rhythmic female gymnasts (RG), and to compare these values with the Spanish reference population. Method: the design of the study is retrospective, observational, descriptive and has two grouping strategies of the sample: cross-sectional (n=151) and mixed-longitudinal (n = 79). It has measured height, weight, somatotype and body composition. Results: the results of the transversal sample were considered as changes due to age because no significant differences were observed in the analysed variables between the cross-sectional sample and the mixed-longitudinal one, within the same age range. Conclusions: from de age of 10, the rhythmic female gymnasts are taller and lighter than de Spanish reference population. Both variables show a growth trend in agreement with previous studies, and support the delay of both peak height and peak weight velocity (PHV and PWV). The gymnasts conform from first ages a somatotypical homogenous group, with prevalence in ectomorphism. No significant differences are observed in fat mass and muscular mass through the age. From the first ages, the described somatic characteristics in RG, suggests a previous process of selection.

Keywords: Body Composition, Growth, Height, Mixed-Longitudinal, Rhythmic Gymnastics, Somatotype, Weight.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Published: January 01, 2009