Acute Effect of Physical and Sport Activity and Body Expression on Mood

Rafael E. Reigal Garrido

María Victoria Márquez Casero

Antonio Videra García

Ignacio Martín Tamayo

Rocío Juárez Ruiz de Mier

*Corresponding author: Rafael E. Reigal Garrido rafareigal@gmail.com

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Cite this article

Reigal Garrido, R. E., Márquez Casero, M. V., Videra García, A., Martín Tamayo, I., & Ruiz de Mier, R. J. (2013). Acute Effect of Physical and Sport Activity and Body Expression on Mood. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 113, 30-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2013/3).113.02

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Abstract

This paper examines the effects of a session of physical and sport activity and another for body expression on mood in a group of 92 teenagers from the city of Malaga (Spain) aged between 14 and 16 (M=14.87, SD = 0.79). This paper follows a quasi-experimental methodology with a pre-post design using non-equivalent groups in which there are two experimental groups, one of which did a session of racquet sports and the other aerobics. We used the Profile of Mood States (POMS – McNair, Lorr, & Droppleman, 1971) questionnaire to analyse the following factors: tension-anxiety, depression-melancholy, anguish-hostility-anger, vigour-activity, fatigue-inertia and confusion-orientation. The results indicate that mood improves in both experimental groups after the intervention, showing a significant effect on those groups who do physical activity.

Keywords: Adolescence, Body Expression, Mood, Physical Activity.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: July 16, 2012

Accepted: May 16, 2013

Published: July 01, 2013