Study of Healthy Physical Activity Habits in Children in Primary Education in the City of Jaén

Antonio Pantoja Vallejo

Javier Montijano González

*Corresponding author: Antonio Pantoja Vallejo apantoja@ujaen.es

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Cite this article

Pantoja Vallejo, A., & Montijano González, J. (2012). Study of Healthy Physical Activity Habits in Children in Primary Education in the City of Jaén. Apuntes. Educación Física y Deportes, 107 , 13-23.  https://dx.doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2012/1).107.01

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Abstract

A lot of data and research show the benefits of regular physical activity for physical, social and mental health, and as a result the recommended frequency, intensity and duration of this activity has been established. However, in recent years there has been an alarming decrease in activity, especially among children and adolescents. Some authors argue that doing sport during childhood and adolescence may be a predictor for an active future lifestyle as it motivates the individual and helps create a habit. This paper is based on a number of theories about the determinants of physical activity behaviour as put forward by a number of authors. These theories include Prochaska and DiClemente (1983) and Prochaska, DiClemente and Norcross’s (1992) stages of change model, Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy (1986, 1999), Fishbein and Ajzen’s theory of reasoned action (1975), Ajzen’s theory of planned behaviour (1985, 1991), Taylor, Baranowsky and Sallis’s social-cognitive model (1994) and Sallis’s determinants model (1995). The determinants identified by these models include self-efficacy, a global attitude toward exercise, intentions, potential barriers to practice and the influence of “significant others”. To meet these objectives this study was performed involving children aged between 10 and 12 in the third stage of primary education in state and grant-aided schools in the city of Jaén.

Keywords: children, healthy habits, physical activity.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: May 24, 2010

Accepted: August 30, 2010

Published: January 01, 2012