Multiple Intelligence and Performance in Football

José Mª del Pino Medina

Emilio Gómez Milán

Sergio Moreno Ríos

*Corresponding author: José M.ª del Pino Medina

Original Language

Cite this article

del Pino Medina, J. M., Gómez Milán, E., & Moreno Ríos, S. (2015). Multiple Intelligence and Performance in Football. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 121, 44-55.



The purpose of this study was to try to determine the existence of a typical profile of intelligence for football players in general, and a specific one for positions, from the hypothesis that Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory offers. To do so, 37 football players and the technical staff of two clubs completed a questionnaire to set the terms referred to: 1) profile of multiple intelligences, and, 2) Perception of sport competence. They took the multi-stage fitness test to define their maximal aerobic power and the VO2 max. The competition statistics are codified for each sportsperson to define the IM profile associated with the sports performance for football players, and to analyze the incident of every type of intelligence with the factors of efficiency associated with the sports competence in this discipline. A typical IM profile for football players was identified with little influence on their football performance.

Keywords: Football Performance, Intelligence Profile, Multiple Intelligences, Sports Intelligence.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: May 2, 2013

Accepted: April 3, 2014

Published: July 1, 2015