Gender Differences in High Jump According to Age Categories

Javier Bermejo Frutos

José Luis López

José Manuel Palao Andrés

*Corresponding author: José Manuel Palao Andrés jmpalao@gmail.com

Original Language

Cite this article

Bermejo Frutos, J., López Elvira, J. L., & Palao Andrés, J. M. (2013). Gender Differences in High Jump According to Age Categories. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 111, 62-69.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2013/1).111.06

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Abstract

The objective was to determine the biomechanical parameters of the high jump where differences occur between female and male jumpers in different age categories. The analysed sample consisted of 69 elite jumpers: 37 men (13-15 years, n = 11, 17-18 years, n = 13, and 18-34 years, n = 13) and 32 women (13-14 years, n = 11, 17-18 years, n = 9, and 15-33 years, n = 12). Through 3D photogrammetry the best jump of the Spanish Indoor Championship 2009 was analysed. 46 variables were calculated during the phases of approach, take-off and flight. In order to determine gender differences a t-test for independent samples was applied. The results of this study show that when age goes up, the differences between the values recorded by men and women increase. Such difference is bigger in maturational variables than in anthropometric variables and techniques.

Keywords: athletics, biomechanics, cinematic, technique.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: May 15, 2012

Accepted: October 11, 2012

Published: January 01, 2013