Factors that determined a Gender Physical and Sport during the Francoism

Juan Carlos Manrique Arribas

Luis Torrego Egido

Víctor M. López Pastor

Roberto Monjas Aguado

*Corresponding author: Juan Carlos Manrique Arribas manrique@mpc.uva.es

Original Language

Cite this article

Manrique Arribas, J. C., Torrego Egido, L., López Pastor, V., & Monjas Aguado, R. (2009). Factors that determined a Gender Physical and Sport during the Francoism. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 98, 5-14.



In this article, by reflecting on women situation and by doing a documentary revision, we try to present which sort of Ph.E. Was proposed during the Francoism. We also want to deal with the ideological foundations and principles that determined a clear gender education. In particular, we will focus on the values that were assigned to women, in order to establish the most “adequate” relation with the model of physical activity proposed to them. The social norms were imposed from above (the educational authorities), without retort possibility, reason why their members had to assume them and to accept them. The relations between both genders were coded and registered in the mind of the people, authenticated by a propagandistic and formative process; mainly through the education, and in particular with the Physical education and the sport.

Keywords: Feminine Physical Education, Francoism, Gender Education, Ideal of Woman, Values.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Published: October 01, 2009