Casual Attributes in Sport: A Study of the Differences Between Perceptions of Success and Failure
Paulo Malico Sousa
José Luis Lancho Alonso
*Corresponding author: António Rosado email@example.com
Cite this article
Malico Sousa, P., Rosado, A., Cabrita , T., & Lancho, J. L. (2010). Casual Attributes in Sport: A Study of the Differences Between Perceptions of Success and Failure. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 100, 47-55.
Taking as reference Weiner’s (1979, 1986) attribution theory of motivation and emotion, we evaluate causal attributions in situations involving success and failure in sports. The sample includes 338 athletes between 16 and 38 years old (M = 23,73; DS = 5,86), who participate in federated Portuguese sports competitions, in the Olympic modalities of Soccer (n = 192), Athletics (n = 100) and Fencing (n = 46). In the study of causal attributions, the Causal Dimension Scale II (CDSII: McAuley, Duncan & Russell, 1992) was used in a translated version, adapted for a Portuguese population by Fonseca (1993b). The data showed that generally, athletes consider that their successes are due to internal causes, less unstable and subject to personal control, while they distinctly disassociate themselves from bad personal sports results by attributing the causes to less internal, more unstable factors, subject to control by others.
Received: February 18, 2008
Accepted: April 9, 2008
Published: April 01, 2010
Editor: © Generalitat de Catalunya Departament de la Presidència Institut Nacional d’Educació Física de Catalunya (INEFC)
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