Balancing Sport Coaching with Personal Life. Is That Possible?

Ingrid Hinojosa-Alcalde

Susanna Soler Prat

Anna Vilanova-Soler

Leanne Norman

*Corresponding author: Susanna Soler

Original Language

Cite this article

Hinojosa-Alcalde, I., Soler, S., Vilanova, A. & Norman, L. (2023). Balancing Sport Coaching with Personal Life. Is That Possible? Apunts Educación Física y Deportes, 154, -1.



[1] Allen, T. D., Herst, D. E., Bruck, C. S., & Sutton, M. (2000). Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: a review and agenda for future research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(2), 278-308.

[2] Bruening, J. E., Dixon, M. A., & Eason, C. (2016). Coaching and motherhood. In N. M. LaVoi (Ed.), Women in sports coaching (pp. 95–110). London: Routledge.

[3] Carlson, D. S., & Grzywacz, J. G. (2008). Reflections and future directions on measurement in work-family research. In K. Korabik, D. Lero & D. Whitehead (Eds.), Handbook of Work-Family Integration (pp. 57–73). London: Academic Press.

[4] Creswell, J. W., & Miller, D. L. (2000). Determining validity in qualitative inquiry. Theory Into Practice, 39(3), 124–130.

[5] Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Occupational commitment and intent to leave the coaching profession: Differences according to race. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 36(2), 131–148.

[6] Dabbs, S. M., Graham, J. A., & Dixon, M. A. (2016). A socio-cultural perspective of the work-life interface of college coaches: A cohort analysis. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 9, 262–282.

[7] Dawson, A., & Phillips, P. (2013). Coach career development: Who is responsible? Sport Management Review, 16(4), 477-487.

[8] Dixon, M. A., & Bruening, J. E. (2005). Perspectives on work-family conflict in sport: An integrated approach. Sport Management Review, 8(3), 227–253.

[9] Dixon, M. A., & Bruening, J. E. (2007). Work – family conflict in coaching I: A top-down perspective. Journal of Sport Management, 21(3), 377–406.

[10] Dixon, M. A., & Sagas M. (2007). The relationship between organizational support, work-family conflict, and the job-life satisfaction of university coaches. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78(3), 236–247.

[11] Duffy, P., Hartley, H., Bales, J., Crespo, M., Dick, F., Vardhan, D., ... & Curado, J. (2011). Sport coaching as a 'profession': challenges and future directions. International Journal of Coaching Science, 5(2), 93-123.

[12] Fletcher, D., & Scott, M. (2010). Psychological stress in sports coaches: A review of concepts, research, and practice. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(2), 127–137.

[13] Graham, J. A., & Dixon, M. (2017). Work–family balance among coach-fathers: A qualitative examination of enrichment, conflict, and role management strategies. Journal of Sport Management, 31(3), 288–305.

[14] Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. The Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76–88.

[15] Greenhill, J., Auld, C., Cuskelly, G., & Hooper, S. (2009). The impact of organisational factors on career pathways for female coaches. Sport Management Review, 12(4), 229-240.

[16] Hill, E. J., Erickson, J. J., Holmes, E. K., & Ferris, M. (2010). Workplace flexibility, work hours, and work-life conflict: finding an extra day or two. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(3), 349-358.

[17] Hinojosa-Alcalde, I., Andrés, A., Serra, P., Vilanova, A., Soler, S., & Norman, L. (2018). Understanding the gendered coaching workforce in Spanish sport. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(4), 485-495.

[18] Hinojosa-Alcalde, I., Soler, S. & Andrés, A. (2020). Conflicto trabajo familia en el entrenamiento deportivo desde la perspectiva de género. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 29, 98-106.

[19] Joncheray, H., Burlot, F., & Julla-Marcy, M. (2019). Is the game lost in advance? Being a high-performance coach and preserving family life. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 14(4), 453-462.

[20] Kamphoff, C. S. (2010). Bargaining with patriarchy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(3), 360–372.

[21] Knoppers, A. (1992). Explaining male dominance and sex segregation in coaching: Three approaches. Quest, 44(2), 210–227.

[22] LaVoi, N. M., & Dutove, J. K. (2012). Barriers and supports for female coaches: An ecological model. Sports Coaching Review, 1(1), 17-37.

[23] Mainiero, L. A., & Sullivan, S. E. (2005). Kaleidoscope careers: An alternate explanation for the “opt-out “revolution. The Academy of Management Executive, 19(1), 106–123.

[24] Mazerolle, S. M., Bruening, J. E., Casa, D. J., & Burton, L. J. (2008). Work-family conflict, part II: Job and life satisfaction in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I certified athletic trainers. Journal of Athletic Training, 43(5), 513-522.

[25] Norman, L., & Rankin-Wright, A. (2016). Surviving rather than thriving: Understanding the experiences of women coaches using a theory of gendered social. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 53(4), 424–450.

[26] Norris, L. A., Didymus, F. F., & Kaiseler, M. (2017). Stressors, coping, and well-being among sports coaches: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 33, 93-112.

[27] OECD (2020). How's Life? 2020: Measuring Well-being. Paris: OECD Publishing.

[28] Porto, L.F., Krapp d, R., Milistetd, M., Vieira, J., & Folle, A. (2021) Systematic Review of Social Influences in Sport: Family, Coach and Teammate Support. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes, 145, 39-52.

[29] Stirling, A.; Kerr, G.; Banwell, J.; MacPherson, E.; & Jewett, R. (2017). A mentorship guide for advancing women in coaching: Effective mentoring practices for the mente. Coaching Association of Canada/Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity.

[30] Sisjord, M. K., Fasting, K., & Sand, T. S. (2022). Combining coaching with family life. A study of female and male elite level coaches in Norway. Sports Coaching Review, 1-19.

[31] Sparkes, A., & Smith, B. (2014). Qualitative research methods in sport, exercise and health. London: Routledge.

[32] Taylor, E. A., Huml, M. R., & Dixon, M. A. (2019). Workaholism in Sport: A Mediated Model of Work–Family Conflict and Burnout. Journal of Sport Management, 33(4), 249-260.

[33] Valiente, C. (2000). Reconciliation policies in Spain. In L. Hantrais & J. Campling (Eds.), Gendered policies in Europe (pp. 143–159). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

[34] Viñas, J., & Pérez, M. (2014). El mercat de treball de l’esport a Catalunya. Especial incidència a la província de Barcelona. Barcelona: INDE

ISSN: 2014-0983

Received: 2 de noviembre de 2022

Accepted: 26 de febrero de 2023

Published: 1 de octubre de 2023