Analysis of the Acceleration Capacity of Female Sprint Athletes

Gerard Carmona Dalmases

Carlos González Haro

*Corresponding author: Gerard Carmona Dalmases gercd1@gmail.com

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Carmona Dalmases, G., & González-Haro, C. (2012). Apuntes. Educación Física y Deportes (1985-2015). Analysis of the Acceleration Capacity of Female Sprint Athletes. Apuntes. Educación Física y Deportes, 107 , 69-77.  https://dx.doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2012/1).107.07

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Abstract

Objectives. To describe acceleration capacity in relation to performance (time over a 30 m sprint), maximum speed and muscle strength (jumping ability) and power (half-squat) in 4 women athletes specialising in sprint events at the national level. Methods. There were two days of testing (track and laboratory). We evaluated acceleration ability (instantaneous speed at 1, 2 and 3 s (vi1, vi2 i vi3)), initial acceleration (ainicial), 30 m sprint time (performance), maximum speed (vmax), jumping ability (SJ, CMJ, LJ bw and RJ 5s) and maximum average power (Pm max) in a half-squat. Results. Significant correlations were found between performance (t30m) and vmax (r=-0.980; P<0.01), acceleration ability (instantaneous speed) and t30m (r=-0.954; P<0.05) and vmax (r=0.992 and 0.979; P30m (r=-0.983; P<0.05) and maximum relative dynamic strength and ainitial (r=0.980; P<0.01). Conclusions. The main finding of this study is that vmax was the major determinant of t30m. Also acceleration ability, especially vi2, and CMJ had a great influence on t30m and vmax.

Keywords: acceleration ability, maximum speed, speed-time curve, sprint, strength.

ISSN: 1577-4015

Received: March 16, 2011

Accepted: June 21, 2011

Published: January 01, 2012